Today, with the development of technology, many methods that were previously impossible have now become feasible. Hair transplantation has progressed in many directions thanks to this developing technology.
One of the most concerning issues for many people considering hair transplantation is the pain felt during or after the operation. Because of this, before the operation, most people research the anesthesia methods used in hair transplantation.
Hair transplantation generally has a lower complication rate and less pain during and after the operation compared to other surgeries. There are various types of anesthesia preferred in hair transplantation.
Two of the most preferred methods by hair transplantation experts are local anesthesia and sedation.

Local anesthesia:

Compared to the sedation method, local anesthesia is preferred more by specialists. Local anesthesia is used to anesthetize both the donor area where the hair will be extracted and the transplant area where the hair will be transplanted, in order to minimize patient discomfort during the procedure.
During the local anesthesia process, anesthetic solution is injected under the patient's scalp using thin needles. Additionally, a painless anesthesia device can be utilized to further reduce the pain associated with the injections. This device administers the anesthetic solution using a pressure-injection technique, targeting the area to be anesthetized prior to the use of local anesthesia. By doing so, the pain associated with local anesthesia can be reduced by up to 80%.


The sedation method is an anesthesia method that involves inducing a state of deep relaxation and sleep, achieved through the use of a drug called propofol, which is administered intravenously. In preparation for this method, the patient must abstain from eating or drinking anything for at least 12 hours prior to the procedure.
While sedation can effectively prevent the patient from experiencing pain during the procedure, it can also cause fatigue and nausea. The patient will be in a semi-conscious state during the operation, which means that they will not remember anything and will not feel any pain from the anesthesia procedure

Differences Between Sedation and Local Anesthesia

Unlike sedation, there is no need to fast before undergoing local anesthesia. You can have breakfast before the procedure and even have lunch during the break between the operation.
Although the drugs used in sedation and local anesthesia are the same, the sedation method may cause side effects such as nausea, weakness, or vomiting.
In contrast, with the sedation method, you will not remember or feel anything during the procedure. However, with local anesthesia, you may experience some initial discomfort lasting about 5 minutes, which can be reduced by 80% using a painless anesthesia technique.